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Essay代写范文

Essay代写范文-无人驾驶创业计划

来源:原创 发布日期:2022-05-16 09:36  阅读: 作者:HotEssay
文章导读:下面为大家整理一篇优秀的 essay代写 范文--5g Driverless Entrepreneurship Plan,文章描述公司建成后,为保证充足的流动资金,公司将发行股票并进行股权融资。一般来说,新成立的技术型企...

  下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文--5g Driverless Entrepreneurship Plan,文章描述公司建成后,为保证充足的流动资金,公司将发行股票并进行股权融资。一般来说,新成立的技术型企业大多是技术开发,即通过开发新技术来创造新的产品或服务,从而获得销售利润。

essay代写
Essay代写

  1.0 Environment and industrial analysis

  近年来,自主汽车技术发展迅速。为了支持企业开展自主汽车的研发和试验,许多发达国家都修订了行业内的相关法律法规。总的来说,西方国家在法律原则上逐渐承认了自主汽车的法律地位。此外,中国政府还决定出台政策支持自主汽车技术。Chow(2018)指出,中国政府规定,到2020年,售出的新车中一半必须具备全部或部分自主功能。2017年,北京市政府出台政策,允许自动驾驶车辆在封闭区域内通过测试后,在城市道路上行驶。受北京市政府的影响,越来越多的地方政府将出台自主汽车政策,这可能有利于自主汽车的发展。

  The autonomous vehicle technology has developed rapidly in recent years.Many developed countries have revised the related laws and regulations in the industry in order to support enterprises to conduct research and development and test of autonomous cars.In general,western countries have gradually recognized the legal status of autonomous vehicles in legal principles.In addition,Chinese government also decides to put forward policies to support autonomous vehicle technology.Chow(2018)points out that Chinese government regulates that by 2020 half of new cars sold must have full or partial autonomous functions.In 2017,Beijing government promotes policies to allow autonomous vehicles to be driven on the city’s road after they pass the test in a closed zone.Influenced by Beijing government,an increasing of local government will release policies about autonomous vehicles policies,which may be beneficial for the development of autonomous vehicles.

  2.0 Organization plan组织计划

  5G无人驾驶系统由百度总部下属的百度无人驾驶部研发。金龙在制造和生产设备方面提供帮助,华为提供5G相关技术支持。这三家公司成立了合法的合资企业,每个公司的合作总投资为3亿美元,各占总股权的三分之一。公司建成后,为保证充足的流动资金,公司将发行股票并进行股权融资。一般来说,新成立的技术型企业大多是技术开发,即通过开发新技术来创造新的产品或服务,从而获得销售利润。初期注资后,后期资金投入会比较大。融资不仅可以为研发带来更多的资金,也是一种吸纳资源的方式,而且可以促进效果。三大股东将放弃部分企业的所有权,通过增资的方式引入新的股东融资方式。

  The 5G driverless system is developed by Baidu's unmanned driving department affiliated to Baidu's head office.Jinlong provides assistance in manufacturing and production equipment,and Huawei provides 5G related technical support.These three companies set up legal joint ventures,and each has a total investment of Three hundred million to cooperate,each accounting for one-third of the total shareholding rights.After the company is built,in order to guarantee sufficient working capital,the company will issue shares and conduct equity financing.Generally speaking,newly established technology-based enterprises are mostly technology-developed,that is,through the development of new technologies to create new products or services,thereby making sales profit.After the initial capital injection,the late capital investment will be relatively large.Financing can not only bring more funds into research and development,but also a way of absorbing resources,but also can promote the effect.The three shareholders will give up the ownership of some enterprises and introduce new shareholders'financing methods through the way of capital increase.

  3.0 Financial Plan

  3.1 Assumptions

  This financial plan will be based on the following assumptions:First,in the next five years,the policy factors and social environment of the development of the driverless industry are good.Second,the unmanned driving industry maintains a good development trend.Third,the company can operate smoothly as planned.Due to the changeable market conditions,the project period will be flexible according to the company's internal and external conditions,so the data of this financial analysis can only be used as the prediction and reference of investment and operation.

  3.2 Earnings Estimate

  The company's users are tourist passenger transport companies,tourist rental companies and tourist attractions.At present,there is a large demand for sightseeing cars,which has a larger market space.The expected sales are shown in Table 1.

  Earnings Estimate

  Table 1:Expected Sales

  In 2020,we are mainly engaged in the specific design,development,sample production and testing of new products,and sell the existing Apollon.Based on the current 100 vehicles,we expect to achieve a 50%increase in sales by 2020,reaching 150 vehicles.

  In 2021,a passenger car carrying 5G unmanned technology system with higher speed will start mass production and put on the market.With direct sales as the main part and distribution as the supplement,the annual sales volume of new products is expected to reach about 150.

  In 2022,publicity efforts will be intensified.Annual sales are expected to increase by 250 vehicles,while investing in new products.

  In 2023,launching Omega with larger passenger capacity.The annual sales volume of the new product is expected to be 200.

  In 2024,the focus will be on the promotion of two new products,with annual sales expected to increase by 300.

  3.3 Pro Forma Income Statement

  Income Statement

  table2:Pro Forma Income Statement

  Cost of goods sold:In the first two years,the production cost is expected to be 66%of the sales revenue.As the process matures,the product line becomes clear and the production efficiency will gradually improve.With the increase of bargaining power with suppliers,it is expected that the production cost will be reduced to 55%of the sales revenue in the next three years.

  Salaries:The annual wage growth rate of this enterprise will be set at 9%.It is expected to increase the number of employees in the fourth and fifth year.Insurance:It is divided into social insurance,property insurance and other insurances.Social insurance takes the total wages of enterprises as its tax base and Beijing's regulations as its standard.Among them,pension insurance is 19%,medical insurance is 10%,unemployment insurance is 0.8%,industrial injury insurance is 1%,maternity insurance is 0.8%,and the total is 31.6%(Beijing Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau 2019).Property insurance is calculated at 1%of the total fixed assets.Other premiums are 500,000 per year.

  Business Taxes and Surcharges:Educational surcharge is calculated at 3%of VAT,urban maintenance and construction tax is calculated at 7%of VAT,and stamp tax is calculated at 0.03%of sales.

  Depreciation:According to the company's specific conditions,the depreciation method adopts the straight-line method.The net residual value of fixed assets is 3%of the original value of fixed assets,the depreciation life of buildings is 20 years,and the depreciation life of equipment is 10 years.

  折旧:根据公司具体情况,折旧方法采用直线法。固定资产净残值为固定资产原值的3%,建筑物折旧年限为20年,设备折旧年限为10年。

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