- 英文文献格式之Harvard Style细节详解
地址：CN：Chengdu US：9501N Loop Boulevand CA
It is known to us that Hamlet is one of the famous tragedies of Shakespeare and it has earned great popularity among people over history.The critic A.C.Bradley has provided his definition toward a Shakespearean tragedy as a story of pain and suffering of the hero and even his death.At the same time,he further states that the pain and suffering all happen on a noble person.Apart from that,the pain and suffering of the hero is in opposite to the glory and happiness of the hero in the past.There is no doubt that Hamlet meets Bradley’s guidelines a tragedy as long as the below few aspects are considered:the calamity and suffering of Hamlet and his final death,Hamlet’s being a noble person before the incidence of calamity and suffering,the unexpected calamity and suffering of Hamlet that are the opposite to his glory and happiness in the past.
Hamlet’s Being a Tragedy
First and foremost,Hamlet surrounds the calamity and suffering of Hamlet and his final death,which accounts for a part as for why Hamlet meets Bradley’s guidelines a tragedy.In the book titled Shakespearean Tragedy by A.C.Bradley,it points out that adultery,a ghost,a fight in a grave and a mad woman and even the bewitching music all help explain how Hamlet tells a sensational story because it involves in eight violent deaths and all those things are the representation of the negative issues to the utmost.Just take the hero Hamlet as an example,he has to endure the loss of his father and the quick marriage of his mother to his uncle within a month after his father’s death,which can well indicate the calamity and suffering of Hamlet.In Hamlet,the expression that“But my uncle-father and aunt-mother are deceived”(2.2.399)is really ironic by the calling of“uncle-father”and“aunt-mother”,suggesting the ridiculous marriage between his mother and his uncle together with the inner sadness of Hamlet to a large extent.In the meantime,the death of Hamlet in the end of the play makes it to be a symbol of extreme absurdity so that it obviously fits into the criteria of being recognized as a tragedy.
Moreover,Hamlet is originally a noble person before the calamity and suffering come to him,suggesting that Hamlet meets Bradley’s guidelines a tragedy at the same time.In the article“Or the Tragedy of Shakespeare”,the author A.Andre Glaz puts forward that Hamlet reveals the totality of a human spirit at the moment of the supreme struggle between its conscious and unconscious elements,which is believed to be the indestructible power of this tragedy.Before the death of his father,he is the princess of Denmark and he receives good education from his childhood so that the carefree life has made him a simple and kind idealistic and perfectionist.From his perspective,everything is beautiful and he trusts in the beauty of life,goodness and truth while he doesn’t know the darkness and ugliness of the world.However,the calamity and suffering after his father’s death let all these disappear.Polonius in Hamlet proposes that“this above all to the thine self to be true”(1.3.84),which shows that one can be happier and healthier when they act based on their own personal beliefs and convictions.In fact,it is the state of Hamlet to be true to himself before his father’s death.From the perspective of Polonius,being‘true’is being devoted to one’s self-interest and it is against the idealistic interpretation.However,being‘true’may actually mean acting to please others as long as doing do can help advance one’s objectives.After the death of his father,Hamlet tends to not act himself and he has no choice but to pretend to be mad.In the paper called“Tragedy of Hamlet’s World View”,the author Richard A.Levine explores the world view of Hamlet,during which the public’s idea toward Hamlet has been mentioned.Most of the readers hold that Hamlet is the mold of the traditional tragic hero who emerges from his struggles a better and more enlightened man.According to this,a fair knowledge can be obtained that Hamlet is really a noble one from the point of view of a vast majority of audience.
Last but not the least,another aspect that Hamlet meets Bradley’s guidelines a tragedy lies in that the calamity and suffering of Hamlet are unexpected and they are of great contrast to his previous happiness or glory.In the past,he is the princess and all people have to respect him,which can effectively suggest that he is full of glory.Besides,he is happy with the love from both his father and his mother as well as love from Ophelia.However,what is a pity to say is that the sudden death of his father makes all this disappear and he has to take revenge for his father because his father is murdered by his uncle.At this time,all that is in front of him is unexpected calamity and suffering and he has to do it all by himself.Just as what Marcellus has expressed in Hamlet that“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark”,which can clearly show the moral and political corruption of the state of Denmark.As a matter of fact,the moral and political corruption of Denmark can be used to explain for the unexpected calamity and suffering that is faced by Hamlet.Accordingly,Lily B.Campbell in“Concerning Bradley’s Shakespearean Tragedy”states that Hamlet’s uncertainties are constant there throughout the play and the difficulty in front of him is that he has to attack a defenseless man,which can strongly show that his difficulty is at its maximum.In this sense,it is not hard to find that the glory and happiness of Hamlet is really in distinct comparison with the calamity and suffering of Hamlet after his father’s death.And the moral and political corruption of Denmark is right in the opposite to the glory and prospects of the state of Denmark as well.
To sum up,a reasonable conclusion can be drawn that Hamlet is undoubtedly a tragedy that satisfies the Bradley’s guidelines a tragedy.The pain and suffering Hamlet has undergone accounts for a part of his tragedy.At the same time,his death further increases the tragedy degree of this play to a large extent.Also,he is positive and noble in the beginning of the play and what he receives is glory and respect,but all of these tend to be calamity and suffering after the death of his father.Based on this,there is no doubt that the tragedy of Hamlet plays a key role as for why Hamlet can win the full support of the wide public in the long run.
本文标题： Essay代写范文-哈姆雷特的悲剧 本文地址：http://www.toutiaoliuxue.com/case/essay/3531.html