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Essay代写范文-伦敦桥的碎片

来源:原创 发布日期:2021-07-05 14:08  阅读: 作者:HotEssay
文章导读:今天小编为大家整理一篇优秀的 Essay代写 范文-TheVertical City:A Sensor of London,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是这块碎片,也称为玻璃碎片和伦敦桥的碎片,于2009年3月开始建造。这座...

  今天小编为大家整理一篇优秀的Essay代写范文-The“Vertical City”:A Sensor of London,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是这块碎片,也称为玻璃碎片和伦敦桥的碎片,于2009年3月开始建造。这座95层的摩天大楼位于伦敦桥街,2012年竣工时成为西欧最高的建筑。这座地标性建筑使伦敦的天际线更加优美,成为世界伦敦的象征。作为一个综合性的“垂直城市”,Shard提供了25层,共55000平方米的办公空间、3层的餐厅和17层的酒店。

essay代写
Essay代写

  The“Vertical City”:A Sensor of London

  1.introduction

  The Shard,also called The Shard of Glass and The Shard at London Bridge,began its construction in March 2009.Located at London bridge street,this 95-storey skyscraper,became the tallest building in Western Europe when completed in 2012.This landmark has refined the skyline of London,being a symbol of London in the world.As a comprehensive“vertical city”,the Shard provides 25 floors with a total of 55000 square meters of office space,restaurants on 3 floors and a 17-floor hotel.Besides,the Shard also has 13 floors of apartment space and a triple height view gallery as well as an outdoor sightseeing station on the 72 floor.The top of this building is a steel-frame pinnacle and clad with grass shards designed to be integrated with the sky.This iconic skyscraper is standing next to one of London’busiest transportation hubs,London Bridge Station,and at the heart of the Tower Bridge London District,the new commercial quarter of London.The Shard has become a key part of the recovery on the South Bank of London(The Shard Official Website,2017).

  2.The design principle of The Shard

  The designer of The Shard is Renzo Piano.This Italian architect is famous for his refinement of approach to building and deployment to the museums and other buildings in the world.His inspiration for The Shard came from three objections when he faced with the river Thames next to the site:the railway lines beside the location,the 18 century London spires and the sailing ship masts.When he first met the entrepreneur responsible for this building redevelopment,Piano sketched a spire-like sculpture sitting next to River Thames on the back of the restaurant’s menu.When he started the design at the planning stage,he claimed that this building would be“a shard of galls through the heart of historic London.”Thus,this skyscraper got the name,The Shard.Piano wanted to design a slender tower that looks like spire,reminding the pass-by of the church steeples depicted in historic engravings.

  In addition,another crucial principle leading the design of The Shard also involve the energy efficiency and economic feasibility.The redesign and reconstruction of this formal 1970s-era Southwark Towers is the encouragement of UK government documents about the high-density building development to improve space utilization at major transport hubs.The initial target of this redevelopment is to address the expansive need to public life with the growing urban population.On the other hand,it is no wonder the high-density building will incur high project costs.The Shard is no exception,gathering uncertainty about the viability of this iconic building.The designer also included the limitation of investors’risk and increase of this redevelopment economic efficiency as another guiding and instructing principle.

  3.The Translation of Design Principles

  The Shard is a tower and unlike no other skyscrapers.It is an inventor both breathtaking architecturally and advanced technologically.This building makes up the irregular shape of the base.With a height of 309.6 meters,this iconic has a quite wide base.But it becomes less and less wide as it goes upwards,making it like a sharp piece of broken glass and consequently affected by the irregular angles of this site.The most unique is its jagged spires on top.The exterior wall in covered by in total 11,000 glass panels,which is equal to the area of eight football pitches.The exterior is inclined from outside to inside and in turn stretched with glass sheets.The whole building changes from coarse to fine from the bottom to top,eventually forming the crystal-clear glass“Pyramid”.The glass plates of the spire are kept clear of each other,forming an open space that allows the building to breath in the sky(The Shard Office Website,2017).The designer,Piano,proposed the application of glazing with angled glass panes reflecting the sunlight and changing patterns of the sky above(Figure 1).This façade allows architectural forms to vary depending on weather and season.

  The mixed uses of this tall building embody the energy efficiency and economic viability,another guiding principle.As sitting in the central transportation hub,the need to maximize the utility becomes a salient characteristic for the design and construction.In the end,this skyscraper focuses on the multilayer applications.what each layer can be used for is based on elaborate design and calculation,leading to the final presentation of integration of apartment,bar,hotel and office.The tapered form of this iconic tower is both efficient and economic.The size of floor plates are optimally decided to conduct the mix-use development.As a result,offices are situated on the lower floors with large open spaces and limited structural intrusion.While the hotels and apartments are set up on the upper floors because these kinds of architecture forms require smaller floor plates.As up to the spire,the steel columns and steel beams are dedicated and elegantly designed to offer the public an open and aesthetic space to offer a view sightseeing.The match between the structure with the mix uses improves the use efficiency of materials.The direct benefit resulting from is the decline in the project cost as well as the amount of embodied carbon on the construction process.The extensive application of sustainable materials pays back a 30%less energy than other comparable skyscrapers.These sustainable credentials consist the sophisticated materials.This building is equipped with the venetian blinds that are computer controlled.Thus,occupants can be shielded from the sun and hot and reduce the need for air conditioning.

  4.Conclusion

  The Shard was inaugurated in 2012.This iconic and its surrounding buildings cost about 1 billion and 500 million pounds.The skyscraper includes a five-star hotel,ten sets of luxury apartments with a price of about 50 million pounds,a three-layer restaurant and three sightseeing zones.In 2014,The Shard was awarded with Emporis Skyscraper Award,which is the highest honor and is analogous as Oscar in architecture.The reasons for this selection are not only its eyes-catching appearance,but also because of overcoming the tension of building land.The whole compact structure is creative and impressive(Scott,2014).This iconic now is getting more and more attentions and tourists all over the world,becoming a landmark in London.

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